The Traditional Approach
Different addiction facilities offer different treatment options. Some of the most common treatment programs following detox are:
- Residential Treatment
- Partial Hospitalization Programs
- Intensive Outpatient Programs
- Outpatient Programs
Clients with severe addictions might graduate from one program to the next. For example, it is not uncommon for individuals to opt for residential treatment following the medical detox stage but to enroll in an outpatient program later. In residential treatment, clients have care 24 hours a day in a nonhospital setting, and they become part of a therapeutic community. In this community, they will find the support and encouragement they need to help them develop personal accountability for their actions. Residential treatment is highly structured and provides a safe space for individuals to address the root of their addiction without having to face stressors of the outside world while they are still vulnerable after undergoing detox. Many residential treatment programs employ some variation of the 12-Step approach to addiction, which can carry individuals through the other treatment modalities and well into recovery.
Those who have obligations at home, work, or school may not be able to attend a residential treatment program. In these cases, they might opt for a Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP). In a PHP, clients still have a structured schedule with intensive therapy sessions, but they go home to their families every night.
Like residential treatment and PHPs, outpatient programs rely on Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, peer groups, and other types of therapy, but they are much more flexible as far as scheduling goes. They also allow clients to spend time with their families during recovery, which is an important component of the support structure for many individuals who struggle with addiction.