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Glossary of Addiction Terms

Levels of Care Medical Detox Detoxification is the process of stopping all drug and alcohol use and allowing these substances to safely clear from the body. Medical detoxification takes place...

How to Diagnose Depression | Testing and Assessment

Depression is a wider term for several types of mood disorders with similar symptoms. Low mood and energy, loss of interest in fun activities, suicidal thoughts, restlessness, and trouble concentrating...

What is Anxiety Disorder? How to Diagnose | Testing and Assessment

What is Anxiety Disorder? Consistent, life-limiting worry, fear, or obsession with the future might indicate an anxiety disorder. There are several causes of anxiety and many different types of anxiety disorders. Feeling...

How to Diagnose Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder | Treatment & Assessment

Obsessive-compulsive disorder, (OCD) is a mental health condition in which a person experiences uncontrollable, recurring thoughts, often about specific worries (obsessions), followed by performing specific behaviors to end the thoughts (compulsions). Generally,...

How to Treat Dissociative Identity Disorder and Drug Abuse

Dissociative identity disorder, or DID, was once called multiple personality disorder. While the condition involves several symptoms like amnesia and additional mental health problems, the most diagnosable symptom is the...

Should a Doctor or Therapist Treat a Mood Disorder?

A mood disorder is a mental health condition that disrupts mood, leading to inconsistent feelings about, and reactions toward, existing circumstances. Mood disorders may involve feeling sad often or all the time;...

How to Safely Treat Drug-Induced Psychosis

A drug-induced psychosis is a psychotic state that can be triggered by drug use or withdrawal from drug or alcohol abuse. A substance like LSD or PCP can induce psychotic...

SSRIs vs MAOIs for Treating Depression

What are SSRIs? An SSRI seems to affect only serotonin, which is one of the most important neurotransmitters involved in regulating mood. Other antidepressants typically affect more neurotransmitters, but because...

The Best Options for Treating OCD and Addiction

Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, is a mental health problem characterized by two defining traits: unreasonable thoughts and fears, referred to as obsessions and repetitive behaviors, or compulsions, that the individual...

Diagnosing Someone with Schizophrenia | Testing and Diagnosis

Schizophrenia is a mental health disorder that affects how people perceive the world, think about themselves and others, and experience emotions. About 7-8 people out of every 1,000 individuals will develop schizophrenia,...

Diagnosing Someone with PTSD | Testing and Assessment

Post-traumatic stress disorder, commonly referenced as PTSD, is a mental health condition involving increased anxiety and fear reactions due to a traumatic event. This mental health problem can occur in anyone...

Diagnosing Someone with a Bipolar Disorder | Testing and Assessment

Bipolar disorder includes a variety of mood disorders involving periods of depression and periods of mania, or intense excitement or high energy, usually in a cycling pattern. There are several types...

How to Apply the Viral Stress Buster List to Your Recovery

For over a decade, a high school psychology teacher has been handing out a list of 101 things to do decrease stress to his senior students. When one of those...

Taking the Antidepressant Citalopram (Celexa)

What Is Citalopram? Citalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which is currently the most popular and effective class of antidepressant medication. In addition to treating depression, citalopram can...

Using the Antidepressant Escitalopram (Lexapro, Cipralex)

Escitalopram is the generic name of an antidepressant medication commonly marketed under brand names like Lexapro and Cipralex. This prescription drug is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which means...

Taking the Antidepressant Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluoxetine is a drug prescribed to treat depression. It is the active ingredient in brand names like Prozac and Sarafem. In addition to depression, fluoxetine is prescribed to treat obsessive-compulsive...

About the Antidepressant Paroxetine (Paxil, Seroxat)

Paroxetine is the generic name for a popular antidepressant medication, which is most commonly found under the brand names Paxil and Seroxat. The medication is most often used to treat...

About the Antidepressant Sertraline (Zoloft, Lustral)

Sertraline is the generic name for the blockbuster antidepressant medications Lustral and Zoloft. The medication was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States to treat several...

Using the Antidepressant Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

Fluvoxamine is a generic drug, found primarily under the brand name Luvox, which is prescribed to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Occasionally, it is prescribed off label to treat panic disorders, social...

Mood Disorders: Depression vs. Anxiety

Two of the most common mental health disorders among people in the United States are depression and anxiety. Nearly 8 percent of people over 12 suffer from depression, according to...

Obsessive vs Compulsive Behavior

Both obsessive and compulsive behaviors are associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and the family of related disorders. OCD is specifically a combination of both obsessive and compulsive thoughts and behaviors,...

Medicinal Treatment Compared to Holistic Treatment for Depression

There are many specific subgroups of depression, but the psychological condition is characterized by consistent low mood, feelings of guilt or hopelessness, and physical fatigue. The mood disorder affects how...

6 Stats about Mood Disorders

Depression is one of the most common mental health conditions in the US. However, some people may not be aware that there is more to mood disorders than just feeling...

What Are the Tests to Diagnose Dissociative Identity Disorder?

Dissociative identity disorder can be a challenge to diagnose, because of similarities to other mental health disorders that include borderline personality disorder, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other conditions. As...

What Are the Root Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder?

What is Dissociative Identity Disorder Also known as multiple personality disorder or split personality – is a condition in which a person develops alternative identities. In a sense, it is...

7 Myths about Schizophrenia

Because schizophrenia affects such a small percentage of the population, there are a number of misconceptions about the disorder. Most people have heard the word schizophrenia, but if pressed, would...

Types of Antidepressants and Their Effectiveness

What are Antidepressants? Antidepressants are medications used to treat all kinds of depression, from mild depression to major depression with anxiety to depression associated with bipolar disorder or cyclothymic disorder....

What Are the Signs of Schizophrenia?

According to the National Institute on Mental Health (NIMH), schizophrenia is an often debilitating mental health disorder that alters the way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. While it is...

4 Effective Therapy Options for Treating PTSD

According to the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was first listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-5) in 1980. Before...

7 Truths about PTSD

There are a number of misunderstandings about the nature of post-traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD. This condition, an extreme form of anxiety disorder, is caused when a person...

What Is Cyclothymic Disorder?

Cyclothymic disorder, sometimes also called cyclothymia, is a milder form of bipolar disorder and depression. This condition often goes undiagnosed and untreated, because many people who have symptoms do not...

How to Diagnose Social Anxiety Disorder

Social anxiety disorder is defined by a persistent fear or overwhelming phobia of social situations, or situations with other people. The condition goes beyond shyness or feeling introverted, and it...

What Is Rapid Cycling Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is characterized by alternating episodes of mania and depression. There are several types of bipolar disorder, including bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymia. Rapid cycling can be experienced...

Understand Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Seasonal depression or Seasonal affective disorder, is a type of depression that begins and ends around the same time every year, typically linked to changes in seasons. For most people,...

Common Questions about Postpartum Depression and Treatment

The experience of childbirth can bring on waves of powerful emotions, from happiness and excitement to fear and sadness. Many new parents experience changes in their emotional state, which can...

Comparing Bereavement or Grief to Medical Depression

Everyone experiences sadness or low mood at some point in their lives. This can be caused by a variety of life experience, or even just a small change in the...

The Most Prevalent Mental Illnesses

There are currently more than 200 types of mental illness. Like physical illnesses, mental health disorders are spread across a spectrum, and symptoms can vary widely in severity among individuals....

Comparing Schizophrenia with Drug-Induced Psychosis

What are Schizophrenia and Drug-Induced Psychosis? Schizophrenia According to the National Institute of Mental Health, schizophrenia is a chronic mental health disorder that is characterized by: Hallucinations Delusions Unusual or dysfunctional thoughts...

What Are the Signs of Psychosis?

Psychosis occurs when a person’s ability to comprehend reality changes. It is a primary symptom of many other mental health disorders, including some substance abuse problems. A person struggling with...

Is There a Difference between Paranoia and Delusional Disorders?

At some point in everyone’s life, they feel anxious or afraid due to a mistaken or false belief. Typically, however, the individual will realize that they were mistaken, and that...

How Many Mood Disorders Exist?

Everyone’s mood changes as different events influence life. However, a persistent low or overexcitable sensation can be a symptom of a mood disorder. This category of mental health concerns is the...

How to Treat Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a condition featuring excessive, exaggerated, unrealistic, and persistent worry and anxiety about the future and daily life. People struggling with this condition typically have no...

How Are Conduct Disorders Diagnosed?

Conduct disorder, affecting children under the age of 18, involves difficulty with emotions and behaviors. A child with conduct disorder acts violently, does not understand or respect the physical boundaries...

What Is Dissociative Disorder?

Dissociation Definition Dissociation is a mental process that nearly everyone experiences at some point in their life. It involves disconnecting memories, feelings, thoughts, or sense of self. A mild dissociation...

Multiple Personality Disorders & Types

What is a Multiple Personality Disorder The term multiple personality disorder is the common term for one type of dissociative disorder, now referred to in clinical settings as dissociative identity...

PTSD: The Emotional Damage of Natural Disasters

Article Overview: After the dust of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season settled, one name stood out: Hurricane Sandy. The deadliest and most destructive hurricane of the year, the largest Atlantic...

Support Groups for Co-occurring Disorders

According to the National Institute on Drug Addiction (NIDA) About half of all Americans who are struggling with a substance use disorder are also suffering from a co-occurring mental health...

How Is PTSD Unlike a Normal Stress Response?

Everyone deals with stress at some point or other in life. Whether in response to a physical threat or to a perceived social or emotional risk, the stress response is...

What is OCD(Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)& List of OCD Behaviors

What is OCD( Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)? The behaviors of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly known as OCD, can be confusing to people who don’t understand it. For those who have it,...

How Is a Major Depressive Disorder Different from Everyday Depression?

Depression can impact different people in different ways. In fact, it is safe to say that there is no one-size-fits-all definition of depression, and there is no one-size-fits-all approach to...

What’s the Difference Between Bipolar 1 & 2

What Is Bipolar Disorder? Bipolar disorder is characterized by sudden and severe shifts in mood that the person cannot control. Anyone who has been given a diagnosis of bipolar disorder...

What Types of Behavioral Process Addictions Are There?

When people talk about addiction, the first thing that normally comes to mind is drug or alcohol abuse. However, addiction can encompass a wide range of behaviors – not just...

What Are the Causes of Mental Health Disorders?

According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, more than 43 million people in the United States suffer from some form of mental illness. This pervasive health issue...

Understanding Anxiety vs. Panic Disorder

In an average day, things may occur that could fill a person with a sense of nervousness or dread. Close calls on the morning commute, sharp knives that fall to...

How to Diagnose a Mental Health Disorder

Diagnosing Mental Health Disorders Oftentimes, mental health issues co-occur with substance abuse and addiction. Before effective and appropriate treatment can be given, the mental health disorder first needs to be...

Schizophrenia Disorders in Conjunction with Substance Abuse

The brain interprets everything we see, smell, hear, taste, and feel, creating a version of reality that is personal and impossible to argue with. Throughout our lives, we are told...

Understanding OCD and Substance Abuse

The human mind is designed for agility. Thoughts can wander in and wander out again with amazing speed, and if a person thinks hard enough, unwanted images and messages could...

A Comparison of Anorexia and Bulimia

Eating disorders are very real, and they are very common. According to the eating disorders advocacy group Beating Eating Disorders, people of any age can develop an eating disorder, and...

The Extremes of Bipolar Disorder: Manic vs. Depressive

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by emotion shifts that are large, rapid, unexpected, or somehow unusual. For people with bipolar disorder, emotions seem to overwhelm them unexpectedly, and...

11 Mental Health Disorders and The Signs They are Present

The organization Mental Health America estimates that 54 million Americans have some form of mental health issue in any given year. For some people, the emergence of the illness is...

What Are the Most Obvious Signs of Mental Illness?

Mental illnesses are far from rare. In fact, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, one adult in five has a mental illness in any given year. That means...

What Is the Difference Between Co-occurring Disorders and Dual Diagnosis?

An addiction can touch almost every part of a person’s life. Relationships, finances, careers, and more can all fall by the wayside when an addiction is in full swing. Sometimes,...

What Is PTSD & Types of PTSD

    What Is PTSD( Post-traumatic stress disorder )? Mental health professionals use a document from the American Psychiatric Association in order to diagnose disease. According to the Anxiety and...

Treating Depression alongside Addiction

As one of the most frequently diagnosed mental health disorders in the US, depression affects nearly 8 percent of people 12 and older, according to the National Health and Nutrition...

The Complexities of Anxiety Disorder and Addiction

Anxiety disorders are some of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders, likely to occur during the lifetimes of approximately 28.8 percent of the population, according to a study in...

How to Treat Addiction with Co-Occurring Disorders

Substance use disorders, including addiction, regularly occur alongside other mental illnesses. In 2014, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, approximately 7.7 million adults in the US...

Addiction Among Those With Co-Occurring Disorders

Evaluating an Individual’s Treatment Needs Addiction Among Those With Co-Occurring Disorders Almost one out of every five American adults aged 18 and older in 2014 suffers from some form of...

Addiction & Demographics: Evaluating an Individual’s Treatment Needs

Addiction is a disease that doesn’t discriminate; its impact is felt in all of society’s demographic groupings. This chronic, yet treatable, medical condition affects individuals from all walks of life,...

PTSD and Addiction: The Connection

It is estimated that almost 60 percent of people who are seeking treatment for a substance use disorder are also living with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This number does not...

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