There are many specific subgroups of depression, but the psychological condition is characterized by consistent low mood, feelings of guilt or hopelessness, and physical fatigue. The mood disorder affects how a person is able to interact with their job, education, and loved ones. Depression can manifest as insomnia or oversleeping, changes in appetite like overeating or undereating, reduced pleasure in hobbies or previously enjoyed activities, feeling sad or afraid much of the day, or experiencing no emotions. A psychologist or physician diagnoses depression if this mood persists for two weeks or more with no relief.
There are many therapies available to help people struggling with depression. Medication is often used, but it is not an effective treatment on its own. Most medical practitioners recommend a combination of therapy and medication. Everyone has different experiences with medication and may not find available treatments effective; instead, they find alternative or holistic treatments more effective in long-term management of depression. The specifics of medicinal treatment and holistic treatment are outlined below.